Words To Remember

"The truth is this--genealogy is our living, and we are busy every minute, [and we] could use more hours." --Jane Wethy Foley, 1942

Saturday, January 29, 2011

Marriages at Kingston, Ulster Co., NY 1660-1679: Part 1

"Our early Dutch were required to have their banns published three times previous to marriage. This requirement was legally enforced after the English conquest of the New Netherlands in 1664, and was continued until the Revolution. This publication of banns, however, was not necessary when parties received a marriage license from the Governor of the Province. In this Marriage Register, there are many entries of the publication of banns where there is no accompanying record of a subsequent marriage. This may be because, for various reasons, the marriages were not solemnized, or, as is more probable in the great majority of cases, because the parties, after the publication of their banns, received a certificate to that effect, upon the presentation of which, with satisfactory
explanations, to a minister of another place, they could be legally married. These facts will explain the frequent use of the words "Date of marriage not given," prefixed by the editor to many of the entries.

"The letters " j. m." and " j. d." {jonge man and jonge dochter}, added respectively to the names of husbands and wives, are the initials of the Dutch words for "young man" and  "young daughter" and mean, not necessarily that the contracting parties were "young," but that they had never before been married.

"Esopus was originally a general name for the large and indefinite tract of country in which Wiltwyck, now Kingston, is situated. The name was subsequently applied, in a popular way, to Kingston itself.

"The name of the village of Wiltwyck is usually said to have been changed to Kingston shortly after the surrender of the New Netherlands to the English, in 1664. The change was not made, however, until the 25 of Sept. 1669. (See Docs. rel. to Col. Hist, of State of N. Y., xni, 435; and Brodhead's Hist, of N. Y., II, 157.) "

{In the original publication, there are handwritten notes by someone unknown.  These notes were present when the book was copied.  I have included them where they occur in the original.}

Marriages by Domine Hermannus Blom, of Wiltwyck [now Kingston].

==========

3 Oct. 1660

JAN JANSEN, carpenter, of Amesfoort, j. m., and
CATHARYN MATTYSEN, j. d.,
both resid. in the Esopus. Banns published three times at the Manathans [New-York].

Note:
Amesfoort = The present Amersfoort, in Province of Utrecht, 12 1/2 miles N.E. of the city of Utrecht, Holland.
==========

18 Dec. 1661

AART MARTENSEN DOORN, tailor, j.m., of Well in Bomlerwaert, and
GEERTRUY ANDRIESSE, widow of Jacob Janse Stoll, of Doesburgh, in Gelderlant [Gelderland],
both resid. here, in the village Wiltwyck [now Kingston], in the district Esopus.
First publication of Banns, 27 Nov.; second, 4 Dec. ; third, 11 Dec.

Note:
Well in Bomlerwaert = Well, in the southern part of the island of Bommelerwaard, in Province of Gelderland, Holland.

Doesburgh = The present Doesborgh, on the river Yssel, l0 miles E. N. E. of Arnhem, in Province of Gelderland, Holland.
==========

29 Jan. 1662

MARTEN HARMENSEN, of Krems in Holsteyn, j. m., and
CLAESJE TUENES, widow of CORNELIS TUENESSEN, of Norde, in Emderlant [Emderland],
both resid. here, in the village Wiltwyck [now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 15 Jan.; second, 22 Jan.; third, 29 Jan.

Note:
Krems = The present Krempe, in the Duchy of Holstein, in Denmark, 4 miles N. N. E. of Glückstadt.

Norde = The present Norden, north of Emden, in the Principality of East Friesland, in Hanover, Germany.

-----
5 Feb. 1662

DIRCK WILLEMSEN, j. m., of Schalckwyck, in the Sticht van Uytrecht [Diocese of Utrecht], and
TRYNTJE BARENTS, j. d., of Amsterdam,
both resid. here in the village Wiltwyck [now Kingston], in the district Esopus. First publication of Banns, 15 Jan.; second, 22 Jan.; third, 29 Jan.

Marriage, in Albany, by Domine Gideon Schaats of Albany, recorded by Domine Blom.

Note:
Schalckwyck = The present Schalkwyk, in Province of Utrecht, Holland, 8 miles S. S. E. of the city of Utrecht.

-----
19 Sept. 1662

JACOB JOOSTEN, j. m., of Raagh, on the Moesel [Moselle], in Duyslant [Germany],
Precentor [of the Church] and Schoolmaster here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston], and
ARRIAENTJEN VERSCHUER of Welpe, in Gelderlant [Gelderland], widow of
Marckes Leendersen, resid. at For Oranje [Fort Orange, now Albany]. Marked at
Fort Oranje. Banns published in Wiltwyck; first, 6 Aug.; second, 13 Aug.; third, 20 Aug.

Note:
Raagh =  This is doubtless the present Graach, on the Moselle, in Germany, near Berncastle, half-way between Trèves and Coblenz.

Welpe = Doubtless the present Velp, a short distance E. of Arnhem, in Province of Gelderland, Holland.

==========

18 Feb. 1663

JAN JANSEN, of Oosterhout, in Brabant, widower of Annetje Hendricks, and
ANNETJEN JELLES, j. d., of Bommel, in Gelderlant [Gelderland],
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 4 Feb. ; second, 11 Feb. ; third, 18 Feb.

Note:
Oosterhout = a market town in Province of North Brabant, Holland, 5 miles N. E. of Breda. land, 5 miles N. E. of Breda.

Bommel = 25 miles E. of Dorl, on the island of Bommelerwaard, in Province of Gelderland, Holland.

-----
14 March 1663, "Pinkster Monday"

JAN BARENTSEN, house-carpenter, of Alckmaer, in Noort Hollant [North Holland],
widower of Janneten Ariens, and
JAKEMYNTJE CORNELIS* of Woerde, in Hollant [Holland],
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 29 April [sic]; second, 6 March; third, 13 March.

*Slecht? {written in below her name}

Note:
Alckmaer = The present Alkmaar, 20 miles N. N. W. of Amsterdam in the Province of North Holland.

Woerde = The present Woerden, in Province of South Holland, on the Old Rhine, 18 miles E. S. E. of Leiden.

-----
20 March 1663

JOOST ARIAENSEN, of Pynaker, in Hollant [Holland], j. m., and
FEMMETJEN HENDRICKS, of Meppelen, j. d.,
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston].
"Marriage certificate [Trou brieff] given." First publication of Banns, 29 April [sic] ;
second, 6 March; third, 13 March.

Note:
Pynaker = The present Pynacker in Province of South Holland, 3 miles E. of Delft.

Meppelen = The present Meppel, in Province of Drenthe, Holland, a few miles S. S. E. of Steenwyk.

-----
21 Oct. 1663

HENDRICK CORNELISSE, van Nes, j. m., of Nieunederlant [New Netherland], in the
Colony of Rinsselaerswyck [Rensselaerwyck], resid. in the Grenebos [Greenbush, opposite Albany], and
ANNEKEN EVERS, j. d., of Nieunederlant, in the Colony of Rinsselaerswyck, resid. in Wiltwyck [now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 30 Sept.

--This marriage is recorded, under date of 4 May, 1663, in the registers of the Dutch Church of N. Y. (See N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Record, IV,  145.  See also Kingston Marriages)

==========
6 Jan. 1664

ALBERT GOOVERSEN, of Steenwyck, j. m., Soldier of the Hon. [West India] Com-
pany of the Hon. Lord Director General [Stuyvesant], and
NEELTJEN VREERICKS, (widow of the late Willem Jansen Stol), of Amsterdam,
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 16 Dec.; second, 23 Dec.; third, 30 Dec. 1663.

Note:
Steenwyck = The present Steenwyk, in Province of Overyssel, Holland, a few miles N. N. W. of Meppel.

-----
13 Jan. 1664

WALLERANDT du MONT, j. m., of Coomen, in Vlaenderen [Flanders], Cadet [Aifeborst] of the Hon. [West India] Company of the Hon. Lord Director General [Stuyvesant], and
MARGRIET HENDRICKS, of Wie near Swol, widow of Jan Arentsen, 
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston].
First publication of Banns 30 Dec. 1663; second, 6 Jan.; third, 13 Jan., 1664.

Note:
Coomen = The present Commines, a small town formerly in Flanders, but now in the Department of Nord, France, 8 miles N. of Lille.

Wie near Swol =  The present Wyhe, a few miles south of Zwolle, in the Province of Overyssel, Holland.

-----
27 Jan. 1664

ALBERT JANSEN, of Steenwyck, j. m., tailor, and Soldier of the Hon. [West India]
Company of the Hon. Lord  Director General [Stuyvesant], and
HILLETJEN HENDRICKS, of Meppelen, near Steenwyck, widow of Andries Barentsen, both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston].
First publication of Banns, 6 Jan.; second, 13 Jan.

Note:
Meppelen = The present Meppel, in the Province of Drenthe, Holland, a few miles S. S. E. of  Steenwyck.

-----
23 March 1664

JAN GERRETSEN, j. m., of Heerden, and
GRIETJEN HENDRICKS WESTERCAMP, of [New] Amsterdam in Nieunederlant [New Netherland],
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. "Est nec virgo nee vidua."
First publication of Banns, 9 March; second, 16 March; third, 23 March.

Note:
Heerden = The present Heerde, in the Province of Gelderland, Holland, 30 miles N. N. E. of Arnhem.

Est nec virgo nee vidua = There is neither a virgin nor a widow.
-----
11 May 1664

HENDRICK ARENTSEN, j. m., of Almelo, in Overyssel, and
AELTTE_ CLAES, of [New] Amsterdam, in Nieunederlant [New Netherland], widow of Macciel Ferre, both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston].
First publication of Banns, 27 April; second, 4 May ; third, 11 May.

Note:
Almelo = a Province of  Overyssel, Holland, 25 miles E. S. E. of Zwolle, the capital of Overyssel.

-----
30 Nov. 1664

ROELOFF HENDRICKSEN, j. m., of Meppelen, carpenter, and
AELTJEN LUBBERS, j. d., of Elburgh, both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 16 Nov.; second, 23 Nov.; third, 30 Nov.

Note:
Elburgh = The present Elburg, in the Province of Gelderland, on the Zuider Zee, Holland, 33 miles N. by W. of Arnhem.

==========

11 Jan. 1665

JACOB JANSEN, j. m., of Etten, in Brabant, and
ANNETJE ARIANS, of Amsterdam, deserted wife of Aaert Pietersen Tack,
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 28 Dec. 1664; second, 4 Jan.; third, 11 Jan. 1665.

Note:
Etten =  Etten in the Province of North Brabant, Holland, 6 miles W. S. W. of Breda.

-----
3 April 1665

PIETER HILLEBRANTSEN, j. m., of [New] Amsterdam, in Nieunederlant [New Neth-
erland], and
AELTJE WIGGERS, of Herden, in Gelderlant [Gelderland], widow of
Albert Gysbersen,
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 22 March; second, 29 March; third, 3 April.

==========

27 June 1666

FREDRICK PIETERSEN, j. m., of Bruykom, in Gelderlant [Gelderland], and
ENGELTJEN HENDRICKS, j. d., born at Fort Oranje [Orange], now called Nieu Albanien [New Albany],
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 13 June; second, 20 June; third, 27 June.

Note:
Bruykom = The present Bruchem, on the island of Bommelerwaard, in the Province of Gelderland, Holland. 

-----
8 Aug. 1666

HENDRICK CORNELISSEN SLECHT, wheel-wright, j. m., of Woerden, in Hollant
[Holland], and
ELSJEN BARENS, j. d., of Amsterdam,
both resid. here [in Wiltwyck, now Kingston]. First publication of Banns, 25 July; second, 1 Aug.; third, 8 Aug.

==========

Marriages by, or "before," the Justice of the Peace, recorded by William de la Montagne.

{The dates of the marriages between the * are not recorded, except for the year in which they took place.}

**********
In 1667

CORNELIS FYNHOUT, j. m., born at Fort Orangie [Fort Orange, now Albany], and
NEELTIE AERTSEN,  j. d., of Achtien Hooven. Banns published three times "in succession," 21 May. Married by the Hon. Justice.

{The name Van Wagenen is written in here; it is unknown whether it pertains to the groom or the bride.}

Note:
Achtien Hooven = The present Achttienhoven meaning " eighteen farms"; spelled Achtienhoeven by Jean Blaeu, "Geographie," published in 1667, and Achtienhoven, by S. van Leeuven, in his "Batavia Illustrata," published in 1685.  There is another place of the same name a few miles north of the city of Utrecht. It is found on modern maps, but is not given nor mentioned by van Leeuven.  Care should be taken not to confound these places with at least two others in Holland called Achthoven ("eight farms").

---
JAN MATTHYSEN, j. m., of Fort Orangie [Fort Orange, now Albany], and
MADALENA BLANCHAN, j. d., of Engelant [England]. Banns published three times "in succession," 28 Sept. Married by the Hon. Justice.
---
ANTONY KOECK, j. m., and
JANNETIE CRAFORT, j. d., of Amsterdam.
First publication of Banns, 28 Sept. Married by the Hon. Justice.
---
JACOBUS Van ELMENDORP, j. m., and
GRIETIE AERTSEN, of Vytrecht.
First publication of Banns, 25 Dec. Married by the Hon. Justice.

Note:
Vytrecht = The present Utrecht, capital of the Province of  the same name in Holland; spelled Uytregt by van Leeuven and Vtrecht by Blaeu ( 1667), the letters U and V having been used interchangeably in early times.

=====
In 1668

JAN HENDRICKS, of Fort Orangie [Fort Orange, now Albany], j. m., and
ANNETIE MATYSEN, j. d., of Fort Orangie.
First publication of Banns, 25 March. Married by the Hon. Justice.

**********
11 May 1668

JAN CORNELISSEN, of Gottenborgh, j. m., and
WILLEMTIE JACOBS, widow of Albert Gerritsen.
First publication of Banns, 22 April; second, 29 April. Married by the Hon. Justice.

Note:
Gottenborgh = The present Gottenburg, also spelled Gothenburg, a seaport city in southwestern Sweden.

---
28 Oct. 1668

JOOST ADRIAENSEN, of Opynen, widower of Femmetie Hendrix, and
ELISABET WILLEMSEN KROM, j. d., of Pynaker.
Date of Banns not given. "Legally married before the Hon. Justice."

Note:
In the record of his first marriage in N. Y., 4 May 1663, he is said to be from "Pynacker."  (See N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Record, VI, 145; see also Kingston Marriages)

Opynen = a few miles S. W. of Tiel, in the Province of Gelderland, Holland.

---
[Date of marriage not given]

GERRIT FOOCKEN, j. m., of Ritson, in Oost Frieslant [East Friesland], and
JAKOMEYNTIE CORNELIS of Woerden, widow of Jan Baerentsen Kunst.
First publication of Banns, 27 Oct.* Married by the Hon. Justice.

Note:
* It is uncertain whether this is the date of the first publication of Banns, or of the Marriage, probably the former.

Ritson = Possibly this may be the same as the present Risum, W. of Emden, in the Principality of East Friesland, in Hanover, Germany.  There is a place now called Reitsum (spelled Rysum by Blaeu), a short distance W. of Dokkum in the northern part of the Province of Friesland.

==========

It is not known who performed the following Marriages, or published the Banns. They were recorded by William de la Montagne.

---
[Date of marriage not given]

PIETER CORNELISSEN, and
ELISABET BLANSJAN, j. d.
Date of Banns not given.

{The name Low is inserted after Cornelissen.}
---
[Date of marriage not given]

CORNELIS ARENTSEN VIERVANT, j. m., of Lexmont, in the Sticht van
Uytrecht, [Diocese of Utrecht], and
JANNETIE LECHIER, of Nieu Haerlem [New Harlem], j. d.
Date of Banns not given.

Note:
Lexmont = The present Lexmond, in Province of South Holland, S. W. of Vianen; spelled Lecxmonde by Blaeu, and Lexmunde and Lexmonde by van Leeuwen.

Nieu Haerlem = The present Harlem, in N. Y. City.

=====

1673

[Date of marriage not given]

W. MONTAGNE, and
HELENORA de HOOGES, the latter born in the Colony of Rensselaerswyck.
Banns recorded, 19 May.

=====

4 Dec. 1675

JOHANNES DE HOOGES, j. m., and
MARGARITA POST, j. d.
Banns recorded, 17 Nov., with the consent of his Father and Mother, and with the consent of her Father. "Married after three lawful publications in the church."

=====
1676

[Date of marriage not given] *

ABRAHAM HASBROOCQ, of Calis [Calais], and
MARIA DOYO, [of] Moeterstat, in Duyslant [Germany].
Date of Banns not given.

Note:
* The "Hasbrouck Diary" states that they were married in 1676.

Calis [Calais] = The well-known seaport in Northern France, on  the Strait of Dover, 30 miles N. E. of Boulogne.

Moeterstat = The present Mutterstadt, a town of Rhenish Bavaria, in the Palatinate,
6 miles S. W. of Mannheim; spelled Mutterstat by Blaeu.

---
[Date of marriage not given]

JOCH ENGELBART, and
ELISABET EVERTSEN PELSS, born in the Colony of Renselaerswyck.
Date of Banns not given.

---
[Date of marriage not given]

HENDRIC PAELDIN, and
NEELTIEN ROOSA, j. d.
First publication of Banns, 3 Nov.*

Note:
* It is uncertain whether this is the date of the first publication of Banns, or of the Marriage, probably the latter.

==========

Marriages and Banns by Domine Laurentius Van Gaasbeeck, of Kingston.

8 Dec. 1678

JACOB JANSE DECKER, j. m., of Marbleton [Marbletown], and
BELYTIE BASTIAANSSE, j. d., from Hollandt [Holland].
Banns published three times in the church, but dates not given.

---
19 Jan. 1679

PIETER PIETERSSE, j. m., of Amsterdam, and
REBECCA TRAPHAGHE, j. d., of Boswyck [Bushwick, L. I.],
both resid. in Westquansengh.
Banns published three times in the church, but dates not given.

---
16 March 1679

HUIBERT LAMBERTSEN, j. m., of Wageninghen, in Gelderlandt [Gelderland], and
HENDRICKJE SWARTWOUT, j. d., from Nieu Albanien [New Albany],
both resid. in Horley [Hurley], and married in Horley. First publication of Banns, 21 Feb.

Note:
Wageninghen = The present Wageninge or Wageningen, on the Rhine, in Province of Gelderland, Holland, 11 miles west of Arnhem.

---
30 March 1679

MATYS BLANJAN, de jonge [junior], j. m., of Manheim, in the Palts [Palatinate], and
MARGRIETJE CLAAS Van SCHOONHOOVE, j. d., from Nieu Albanien [New Albany].
In the absence of Domine Van Gaasbeeck, they were married in the
church by the Secretary [of the village]. First publication of Banns, 1 March.

Note:
Manheim = The present Mannheim, in Baden, Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine, 66 miles S. S. W. of Frankfort.

---
6 July 1679

HEINDRICK CLAASSEN, j. m., of Nieu Jorck [New York], and
DEBORA CHRISTOFFELS, j. d., of Kingston,
both resid. in Kingston.
First publication of Banns, 21 May.

---
27 July 1679

JAN COCK, j. m., from Out Engelant [Old England], and
MADDELEEN WOD, j. d., from Out Engelant,
both resid. in Marbleton [Marbletown].
First publication of Banns, 6 July.

---
31 Aug. 1679

JOCHEM HENDRIXSE* j. m., of Nieu Albanien [New Albany], and
PIETERNELLETIE SLECHT, j. d., of Kingston,
both resid. here [in Kingston].
First publication of Banns, 16 Aug.

*{Schoolmaster is written in above his name.}

---
16 Nov. 1679

MATYS Ten EYCK, j. m., of Nieu Jorck [New York], and resid. there, and
JANNETIE ROSA, j. d., of Harwynen, in Gelderlandt [Gelderland], resid. in Horley [Hurley]. Married in Horley.
First publication of Banns, 25 Oct.

Note:
Harwynen = The present Herwynen, also now spelled Herwyen, a village in the Province of Gelderland, in Holland, on the Waal River, 5 miles W. of Bommel; spelled Herwyn and Herwyen by Blaeu, and Herwyen by van Leeuwen. Or it may be the present Herwenen, a short distance E. of Bommel, in Gelderland; spelled Herwyn and Herwynen by Blaeu, and Herwynen by van Leeuven. Or, again, it may be the present Herwyn, in Gelderland, 12 miles S. E. of Arnhem; spelled Herwyn by Blaeu, but not mentioned by van Leeuwen.

---
16 Nov. 1679

CLAAS CLAASSEN SLUITER, from Oldenburgerlandt, resid. in Kingston, and
CORNELIA VILLEMS, j. d., of the Suit Revier [South River, i. e., the Delaware], resid. in Kingston. Married in Horley [Hurley].
First publication of Banns, 25 Oct.

Note:
Oldenburgerlandt = The present Oldenburg, in the N. W. part of the German Empire, with the title of Grand Duchy.

---
[Date of marriage, in Albany, not given.]

HENDRICK CORNELISSE van den BOGAERT, j. m., of Hypick in the District
of Vianen, and resid. in Kingston, and
JANNETIE MARTENS, j. d., resid. at the Klayerrack [Claverack]. 
"They were given a Certificate Attestatie* to Albany."
First publication of Banns, 16 Nov.

Note:
Hypick = This place, in its present form, is not to be found on the ancient or modern maps consulted, nor is it mentioned by van Leeuven.

Vianen = This District is in the eastern part of South Holland. Its principal city is Vianen, on the river Leck, 7 miles S. S. W. of the city of Utrecht.

*That is a certificate to be married in Albany.  It was not an unfrequent occurrence for parties, having their Banns published  in one church, to receive a certificate of that fact, and then to be married in another church or town.  Numerous instances of this custom will be found in this Marriage Register.

---
24 Dec. 1679

JAN BROERSSE DECKER, widower of Heiltie Jacobs, resid. in Marbleton [Marbletown], and
WILLEMTIE JACOBS, widow of Jan Cornelisse, of Gottenburgh,
resid. in Kingston.
First publication of Banns, 29 Nov.

Friday, January 28, 2011

Ship Beaver Passenger List 1659

The ship De Beaver (The Beaver), Captain Jan Reyersz Van der Beets,  sailed from Amsterdam on 25 April 1659 and arrived in New Amsterdam July 1659.


Alexander Carolus Cursius (Cursins), Latin Schoolmaster from Lithuania

Albert Theunissen Vermeulen from Rotterdam - and wife and four children ages 4, 9, 16 and 17 years.
Fair [sic] paid in {siwant} by son, Cornelis Vermeulen

Amadeas (Amader) Fougie - Frenchman, farmer

Annetje Ruytenbeck, maiden (Annetjen Ruytenbeeck)

Claes Jansen, from Purmerend - wheelwright, and wife and servant and nursing child

Cornelis Michielsen (Michielsz), from Medemblick

Dirck Looten, clerk  "...he belongs to a good family and is also said to be a promising young man. If you have occasion to advance him, we recommend you to do so; in the meantime employ him, wherever his services may be found required and useful"

Geertry (Geertruyt) Van Meulen - maiden

Grietje (Grietgen) Christia(e)ns from Tonningen, Denmark (now belonging to Germany)

Hendrick Theunisz Hellinck and wife

Jacob Sam, and wife and family
"...to carry out our plans, a suitable and experienced bookkeeper is required there"

Jacobus vander Schelling- and his boy 13 years of age (Van der Schellingh)

Jacques Monier - Frenchman, agriculturer

Jacques Reneau - Frenchman, agriculturer

Laurens Van der Spiegel from Vlissingen (Flushing)
Fare to be paid by Christina Hey, a relative who came over previously. (Settled in New Amsterdam, dying after fathering 10 children. NYGB Record 57:43, 63:11)

Maintien Jans from Amsterdam - maiden (Vaintien, Wijntje?)

Marten van de Wert (Van de Weert), from Utrecht - hatter
[See Revised History of Harlem, James Riker; 1904, page 101]

Matthew Andriessen from Petershouck (Matheus Andriesz)

Matthieu Savariau - Frenchman, agriculturer

Peter Arentsen Diesvelt - tailor (Arentsz)

Peter Tollenaer from Hasselt (Pieter Follenaer)

Peter van Ecke from Leyden - planter (Van Eeke)

Pierre Grissaut - Frenchman, agriculturer (Cresson, Grisant)
[See Revised History of Harlem, James Riker;1904, page 101]

Pierre Monier - Frenchman, agriculturer


De Trouw Passenger List 1659

The ship De Trouw {In the Faith}, Captain Jan Jansen Bestevaer, sailed from Amsterdam on 12 Feb. 1659 and arrived at New Amsterdam about the latter part of May 1659.  Traveling on board were the following:

6 children [no names, from the Almshouse]

Adrian Fournoi {Fournie}, from Valenciennes

Arent, Francken {Franckese}, from Ieveren (Jever), baker


Bastiaen Clement, from Doornick

Boele Roelofsen, joncker. {Boele Roeloffsz Jongerman}, and wife and three children ages 2 and 3 years and nursing child, besides his wife's sister and a boy 14 years old.

Catalyntje Cranenburg, maiden


Dennys Isacksen, from Wyk by Duurstede {Denys Isacksz}

Egbert Meynderts {Meyndertsen}, from Amsterdam, and wife and nursing child and servant

Epke Jacobs (Jacobsen) {Epke Jacobs Banta}, from Harlingen - farmer, and wife and five sons ages 3/4, 2, 3, 4 and 6 years


Evert Cornellisz (Cornellissen), from the vicinity of Amersfoort

Evert Marschal, from Amsterdam - glasier, and wife and daughter 12 years of age

Feytje Dircks (Dircx)

Geertruy(t) Jochems, from Hamburgh - wife of Claus Claussen from Amersfort, now in New Netherland, and two children ages 4 1/2 and 7 years

Gillis Jansen, from Garderen, and wife and four children ages 4 1/4, 5, 6 and 9 years {Gillis Jansen De Mandeville}


Goossen Van Twiller, from Niewkerk

Harmen Coerten, from Voorhuysen, and wife and five children ages 5, 6, 8, 9 and 17 years

Hendrick Harmensen, from Amsterdam

Jacob Hendricks (Hendicxsz}, from the Hoogland {Highland}, and maid servant

Jan Barents Ameshoff, from Amsterdam {Jan Barentsz Amelhofsen}

Jan Dircksen {Dircxsen}, from Alckmaer - and wife and three children ages 3/4, 8 and 15 years

Jan Harmens {Harmenszen}, from Amersfoort - tailor, and wife and four children ages 5, 7, 8, and 9 years

Jan Jacobsen {Jacobs}, from Utrecht - farmer, and wife, mother and two children ages 2 1/2 and 4 years

Jan Laurensen Noorman - and wife {Leurens, Lawrense}

Jan Meynderts {Meyndertszen} from Ieveren (Jever) - farmer, and wife Belitje Plettenberg


Jan Roelofsen van Naerden, farmer {Jan Roeloffz from Naerden}

Jan Van Coppenol, from Remsen (Ronson) - farmer, and wife and two children ages 7 and 8 years

Jan Woutersen, from Ravestein - shoemaker, and wife and daughter, 4 years old

Jannetje Eyckers, from East Friesland

Jannetje {Jannetjen} Theunis van Ysselstein {Iselstein}

Joris Jorissen Townsen from Redfort - mason  {Jorisz Toonson}

Josyntje {Josyntgen} Verhagen, from Middelburg - and daughter age 9 years


Laurens Jacobs van der Wielen

Laurens Janssen from Wormer

Magalantje {Magalentje} Teunis from Voorhuysen


Matthys Roelofs {Roelofszen}, from Denmark, and wife Aeltie Sybrantsen and child 3 yrs of age.


Nettert Jansen, from Emden

Nicholas {Nicolaes}Gillissen Marschal, glazier


Peter Corneliss Low from Holstein - laborer {Pieter Cornelisz Low}


Peter Jacobs, from Holstein, miller, (farm laborer) {Pieter Jacobsz}


Saertgen Hendricks {Hendricx}, from Delft

Sophia Roeloffs

Stoffiel (Stoffel) Gerritsen Van Laer {brother of Adriaen Van Laer}

Symon De Ruine (Drune), from Henegouw, and wife Magdalena Vanderstaat

Tryntgen {Tryntje} De Goeyer, maiden


Vroutje Gerrits {Vroutgen Gerritsen}, wife of Cosyn Gerritsen, wheelwright

Weyntje Martens from Gorkum

Wouter Gerritsen from Kootwyck {Wouter Gerritsz Van Kootuyck}

Thursday, January 27, 2011

"Lost" St. Louis County {MO} Marriages

"St. Louis County Recorder's office began registering marriage licenses at the time of the separation of the City of St. Louis from St. Louis County in 1876. Some of the earliest records, which had been missing, have recently been located. These "lost records" have been transcribed by Karen Elder, the Special Services Supervisor in the St. Louis County Recorder of Deeds office," says my buddie Dave Lossos on his spectacular website, Genealogy in St. Louis.

Use the link below to access the records of more than 750 marriages, some as late as 1956, though the majority are from 1876-1888.

Interactive Map of St. Louis 1804

"This map allows the user to walk again on the streets of Colonial St. Louis, a vanished world now largely occupied by the grassy grounds of the Gateway Arch. It was created by Historian Bob Moore at Jefferson National Expansion Memorial using information reprinted in J. Thomas Scharf, History of St. Louis City and County, Vol. I Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co. 1883," says the website.

Follow the link below and enjoy a walk down Memory Lane!

Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Kakiat, Rockland Co., NY, Dutch Reformed Church Records: Part 3

Information in parentheses ( ) is recorded in the original manuscript.

Information in brackets { } is mine.
==========

Jonas
5 July 1777
26 July 1778
---
Johannis Fosheur
Rebekka Wood
---

[blank]

*****

Jacob
8 July 1778
26 July 1778
---
Abraham Blauvelt
Margrietje Blauvelt
---
Jan Smit
Elizabeth Blauvelt

*****

Katrina
22 July 1778
26 July 1778
---
Abraham Quackebus {Quackenbush}
Katrina Ousbron {Osborn?}
---
Rynier Quackenbus {Quackenbush}
Katrina Waldron

*****

Edwart
9 July 1778
26 July 1778
---
Albert Smit
Susanna  Ekkersen
---
[blank]

******

Elizabet
24 Nov. 1781
1 Jan. 1782
---
Gerret Eckerson
Derke Springsten {Springsteen}
---
[blank]

*****

Sarah
3 Dec. 1781
1 Jan. 1782
---
Abram Reykere
Elizabeth Vervelen
---
Jacobus Vervelen
Sara Nagel

*****

Daniel
11 Sept. 1781
2 Jan. 1782
---
Tammes Warner
Magdalena Van Wyck
---
[blank]

*****

Susanna
18 Dec. 1789 (sic)
[blank]
---
Rynier Quackenbus {Quackenbush}
Sara Deryee
---
[blank]

*****

Gerret
25 Aug. 1781
18 Nov. 1782
---
Peter Van der Voort
Phebe Coe
---
[blank]

*****

Jannetje
5 Nov. 1781
18 Nov. 1782
---
Coenraad Tinkie
Marya Van Houten
---
[blank]

*****

Abraham
2 June 1782
29 June 1782
-----
Abraham Reyke
Elizabeth Vervelen
---
[blank]

*****

Michael
27 Jan. 1782 (or 3)
28 Sept. 1783
---
Gilbert Cuyper
Elizabet Cuyper
---
[blank]

*****

Elisabet
29 June 1782
28 Sept. 1783
---
Jacob Cuyper
Maria Cuyper
---
[blank]

*****

Teunis
23 Sept. 1783
28 Sept. 1783
---
Gilbert Cuyper
Elizabet Cuyper
---
[blank]

*****

Elizabet
27 July 1782
28 Sept. 1783
---
Jan Osbron {Osborn?}
Elizabet Osbon {Osborn?}
---
[blank]

*****

Elshie
16 March 1783
28 Sept. 1783
---
Daniel Seecaer {Secor}
Margaret Seecaer {Secor}
---
[blank]

*****
Ann or Linn
25 July 1783
28 Sept. 1783
---
Robbert {sic} Bell
Rachel  {blank}
---
[blank]

*****

Cornelus
29 Dec. 1783
Oct. 24 1784
---
Gerret Eckerson
Dirricke Eckerson
---
[blank]

*****

Johannis
18 Sept. 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
Jacobus Springsteen
Maria Springsteen
---
[blank]

*****

William
2 Oct. 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
James Osbron {Osborn?}
Maria Osbron {Osborn?}
---
[blank]

*****

Catrina
19 Sept. 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
Johannis Crouter
Margrietye Crouter
---
[blank]

*****

Benjamin
3 Feb. 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
Stephen Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
---
[blank]

*****

Hanner
19 July 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
Jacob Waldron
Katrina Waldron
---
[blank]

*****

Maria
12 Aug. 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
Mathew Lounsberry
----------
---
[blank]

*****

Maria
26 Aug. 1784
24 Oct. 1784
---
William Taylor
Feebe Taylor
---
[blank]





Ship Hoop {Hope} Passenger List 1662

On April 8, 1662, the good ship Hoop {Hope}, Pieter Jan Æmilius, master, sailed for New Amsterdam. The ship made a successful voyage and arrived on the 24th of May, 1662.  On board was the following compliment of passengers:
 

Annetje Hendricks, wife of Jan Evertsen, shoemaker, and 5 children.

Cornelius Dircksen Hooglant, agriculturer, and wife, son and daughter.

Jacob Jansen N. Netherland, farmer, and wife and 3 children.

Adriaen Vincian, from Tournay, agriculturist.

Jochem Engelburgh, from Heusden.

Gerrit Hargerinck, from Newenhuys, and 2 sons.

Annetje Gillis van Beest, servant girl.

Jan Petersen, from Deventer, tailor, and wife and 3 children.

Jan Tunnier, from Gorckum, and wife.

Luytje Gerrits, agriculturist, from Friesland.

Willem Lubbertsen {Van Westervelt}, from Meppel, agriculturist, and wife and 6 children.

Lubbert Lubbertsen {Van Westervelt}, from Meppel, agriculturist, and wife and 4 children.

Jan Barentsen, from Meppel, agriculturist, and wife and 5 children.

Gerrit Jacobsen, from Meppel, agriculturist.

Hanntje Barents, from Meppel, maiden.

Willem Pietersen de Groot, and wife and 5 children.

Abel Hardenbroeck, and wife and child, and servant named Casper Overcamp.

Balthaser de Vos, from Utrecht, farmer, and wife.

Hendrick Albertsen from Thellerwaerd, farmer, and 2 children.

Albert Bunertsom Gulick.

Jan Spiegelaer and wife.

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Dutch Names and Their English Equivalents

{Although girls' names are written here as ~tie, the corrected ending should read ~tje, which more closely approximates the original Dutch letters.}

Adriaen or Arien = Adrian.
Geertie = Gertrude.
Geesie = Grace.
Aeltie = Aletta.
Gysbert = Gilbert.
Aert = Arthur.
Hans (abbreviation of Latin, Johannes) = John.
Andries = Andrew.
Angenietie = Agnes.
Harck = Hercules.
Anneken, Annetie, or Antie = Ann, Anne, or Anna.
Hendrick = Henry.
Heyltie or Hilletie = Hellen.
Antony or Teunis = Antony.
Barent = Bernard.
Jacobus = James.
Jacomina or Jacomyntie = Jemima.
Belitie = Isabella
Jan = John.
Carel = Charles.
Jannetie or Janneken = Jane.
Catrina, Catryntie, Tryntie or Tryn = Catharine.
Joost = George or Justus.
Christina, Christyntie, Tryn or Styntie = Christiana.
Joris = George
Metie or Machteltie = Matilda.
Christoffel or Stoffel = Christopher
Margrietie or Grietie = Margaret
Claes = Nicholas.
Maria or Marritie = Mary.
Matthys or Thys = Mathias.
Cornelis = Cornelius.
Dirck or Derick = Richard.
Neeltie, Nelly = Cornelia.
Pieter = Peter.
Elizabet or Betie = Elizabeth.
Pietertie or Pieternella = fem. of Pieter.
Engeltie = Angeline.
Eytie = Ida.
Sara = Sarah.
Seytie = Cynthia.
Femmetie = Phebe/Phoebe/Feebie.
Willem or Wilhelmus = William.
Gerardiena or Gerardientie, or Dientie = Diana.
Willemtie or Wilhemina = fem. of Willem.

Dutch Family Names

Family names were the exception and not the rule among early Dutch colonists in the New World. The majority of people in the Netherlands used only a last name that was based on the father's name.  

That name was formed by adding to the child's Christian name that of the father, with the affix ~sen, or son.  All those names would end with ~sen; for example, Jan Jacobsen (meaning Jan, son of Jacob), or Pieter Jansen (Pieter, son of Jan), and the like. In correct usage in writing and in formal writing, the affix was often shortened to ~se or ~z, and always in the case of females to ~s.

This custom produced among the male descendants of the same progenitor a great diversity of surnames. Thus Pieter, Willem, and Hendrick--being sons of Jan Jacobsen--would be known as Pieter Jansen, Willem Jansen, etc., while their children would be named respectively, Pietersen, Willemsen, and Hendricksen. These names in turn each gave rise to other varieties in the next generation.

On the other hand, the use of the patronymic caused a frequent recurrence of the same name where no family connection whatever existed. This inconvenience--particularly the misfortune of confounding persons of similar name--was partially averted by the practice in vogue in the Netherlands, and kept up by colonists, of distinguishing persons by their birthplace and not by their residence; for example, Jan Jacobsen van Amsterdam, that is, Jan Jacobsen from Amsterdam. The exception to this might be the case of when the birthplace and residence were the same place.

This valued link connecting the colonist with his former home, it was in many cases directly to his interest to preserve. In Holland as in other countries, then, the name of the place used most often became the permanent family name. The place name, however, that sometimes resulted from adopting it created problems after a few generations. The names of two or more brothers--born in different places but who derived their respective surnames from those birth places--would eventually produce a surname that obscured its origin.

In many cases, the ~van has been dropped; and often the name so changed as to disguise its origin, as those of Oblinus and Kortright. The first of these, derived from Houplines after emigration, probably in conformity to English utterance, became Oblinus, and was then written van Oblinus. The Kortrights at first also used the ~van, thus van Kortright.

Many of the original Dutch settlers in this country were destitute of family or surnames, while others who had them frequently neglected to use them and instead adopted their patronymic.

It  was probably to correct this evil and to preserve the identity of families that the Dutch inhabitants, about the beginning of the eighteenth century, dropped this custom.  They either resumed their proper surname or adopted one or else they retained the patronymic then in use by the family as a permanent name for themselves and their offspring.

At the risk of further confusion, in a recent research project, it was learned that a married couple continued to use different names: the woman used her maiden name which was recorded in her childrens' baptismal records, while her husband--known by yet another name--used his patronymic.  Of their children, the daughters used their mother's maiden name as their surname, while the sons used either their father's patronymic or an adopted surname.  The result was five different names in the same family!

"The subject of Dutch family names is a curious one," says James Riker--himself a well-versed Dutch historian, and "should be first well studied by those who undertake to compile Dutch genealogy."
 
-----

--Based on the two books written by James Riker (1822-1889):

Revised history of Harlem (City of New York): its origin and early annals. Prefaced by home scenes in the fatherlands; or notices of its founders before emigration. Also, sketches of numerous families, and the recovered history of the land-titles. [New York: New Harlem Pub. Co., 1904, pp. 74-75.]

The annals of Newtown, in Queens county, New-York : containing its history from its first settlement, together with many interesting facts concerning the adjacent towns ; also, a particular account of numerous Long island families now spread over this and various other states of the union. [New York: D. Fanshaw, 1852. p. 265.]

Monday, January 24, 2011

See You in Court!!

"The Town Court was busied April 23d, 1672, with an investigation sought by David Demarest as to an assault made upon him the day before by Glaude Delamater. 

The towns folk being at work, making tight the fences of the Calf Pasture, Demarest fell into conversation with Ralph Doxey, Mr. DelavaIl's man.  After which, going to Delamater, he {Demarest} charged him as the cause of Heer Delavall{'s} being at variance with the town; adding, that before he, Delamater, became intimate with him, Delavall let his cows go with the herdsman. 

Delamater retorted that he" lied like a buffoon and a bugger," and seizing Demarest by the coat, kicked him.

Instinctively the latter caught up a stone and threw it, hitting Delamater on the breast! Here farther violence was stayed. 

As Demarest was a magistrate, the board had to refer the case to the Mayor's Court, and with that view, took the evidence of Jean le Roy, Adolph Meyer, Gillis Boudewynsen, and Lubbert Gerritsen. Joost van Oblinus became bail for Demarest's appearance." 

--From:  Riker, James. Harlem (City of New York) : its origin and early annals, prefaced by home scenes in the fatherlands, or, notices of its founders before emigration ; also, sketches of numerous families, and the recovered history of the land-titles. (New York: Printed for the author. 1881)

--Information in brackets{ } is mine.

First Nations: Eastern Woodland Native Americans

This culture consisted of Native American tribes inhabiting the eastern United States and Canada. The Eastern Woodlands were moderate-climate regions roughly from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River and included the Great Lakes. This huge area boasted ample rainfall, numerous lakes and rivers, and great forests. The rich earth and forests from the Ohio River to the Gulf of Mexico comprised the southeastern part of the Eastern Woodlands.


{image courtesy of germantownbulldogs.org}
 

The Adena and Hopewell were the earliest historic Eastern Woodland inhabitants. Between 800 B.C. and A.D. 800, they lived in the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys. Both societies are noted for their prominent burial mounds, frequently graced with sophisticated grave goods. Like earlier archaic groups, the Adena were hunters and gatherers who erected seasonal camps. The Hopewell also were hunters and gatherers, but, like later Woodland tribes, they lived in villages and supplemented their diet with cultivated plants.

Later peoples of the Eastern Woodlands included the Illinois, Iroquois, Shawnee and a number of Algonkian-speaking peoples such as the Narragansett and Pequot. Southeastern peoples included the Cherokee, Chocktaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Natchez and Seminole.

Eastern Woodland tribes lived in similar ways. 

{Image courtesy of eons.com}

Their complex societies were typically divided into classes, including a chief {sachem}, his children, the nobility and commoners. Overall there were some variations in climate and  inharvestable flora and fauna. It followed that the 
tribes varied somewhat in diet and housing, apparel and transportation.

Since warfare was harsh and frequent, villages were often fortified by fencing reinforced with dirt. Causes of conflict between tribes varied, but typically involved terrritorial rights, male coming-of-age rituals, or retaliation.

In general, the natives were deer-hunters and farmers. The men made bows and arrows, stone knives and war clubs. The women tended garden plots where beans, corn, pumpkin, squash and tobacco were cultivated. Women also harvested these crops and prepared the food. Black pottery or wood and bark vessels were used for cooking. They dried berries, corn, fish, meat and squash for the winter. The diet of deer meat was also supplemented by other game and shellfish.

The tribes lived near water for transportation purposes. In general, the Northern tribes fashioned birch-bark canoes, while Southeastern tribes dug out canoes from tree trunks. On land, the natives traveled on foot and bore their cargo on their backs, having no pack animals. Dogs were their sole domesticated animals.

Several sorts of houses were erected throughout the Eastern Woodlands nations. The most popular was likely the wigwam, a bark-covered structure, and the longhouse, home to several families. Some Southeast tribes lived in cold-weather houses of clay applied to an armature of poles, complete with a cone or round roof. The Seminoles of Florida used a chikee, a shelter without walls thatched with the palmetto tree's fan-shaped leaves.


{Image courtesy of whitewolve.com}
 

Numerous hours were required to fashion the popular deerskin apparel. Women cut the skins with flint knives or shells and sutured them with animal sinew. Face painting and the men's scalp lock (with shaven side hair) were typical.


Painting by Robert Griffing; used by permission of Paramount Press, Inc.

Using their bodies as canvases, the Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands painted designs that were outward expressions of their inward emotions. In the case of these warriors their body paintings depict life and death.
 

Beliefs associated with Manitou, a heroic figure who restored the world from mud following terrible rains, were widely held. In the Southeast, there were sun worship temples: rites were intricate and featured an altar of fire that was extinguished and re-lighted annually.

The Eastern Woodlands' original inhabitants were the first the European colonists met. From the beginning, the settlers adopted many of the natives' proven methods and paraphernalia, including deerskin clothing.

Wampum

While the English embarked on a search for a religious utopia, the Dutch immigrated for one purpose: to make money. In fact, they could be said to have "invented" New World money. The explorer Adriaen Block, following Henry Hudson by five years, realized that the polished shells the Pequot Native American tribes [including the Metoac, who were an amalgam of tribes themselves] made were greatly prized by the Mohawk to the north. The Mohawk were wealthy with fur-bearing animals. The Dutch innovatively set themselves up as trading middle-men: the Pequot acquired European goods, the Mohawk got their wampum, and the Dutch received the furs. 

Wampum seems to have been institutionalized by Block. There were many business failures and Europeans (excepting the silver-rich Spanish) didn't want valuable coins lost in the new world—nor did the colonists have much currency. Wampum were small, tubular beads made from white or violet shells, a quarter-inch long and half as wide. The beads were the perfect solution to that monetary problem.
 
It was the Metoac tribes' grave misfortune to occupy the northern shore of Long Island which was the source of the best wampum in the Northeast. Each summer, the Metoac harvested clam shells from the waters of Long Island Sound which, during the winter, were painstakingly fashioned into small beads. Strung together in long strands, they were called wampumpeake--shortened somewhat by the English colonists into the more familiar form of wampum, though the Dutch called it siwan (sewan). 

The Metoac traded this painstakingly crafted product to other tribes and prospered as a result. Passed from tribe to tribe, Long Island wampum made its way as far west as the Black Hills of South Dakota. The strings of shell beads were sometimes employed as a rudimentary currency in native trade, but it was also valued for personal decoration. Arranged into belts whose designs could convey ideas, wampum was also employed in native diplomacy to bind important agreements such as war and peace.

 

  
Wampum came in two varieties: white and dark (which varied from purple to black). In general, the dark beads had a value roughly twice that of white. The shells from which wampum was made were found on both sides of Long Island Sound, so the Metoac never had a monopoly. Other tribes of the Northeast were also involved in its manufacture, but the wampum created by the Metoac on the northern shore of Long Island was considered the best.

In the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a "fathom" of white wampum with 240 to 360 beads was worth five to ten shillings; purple was valued at twice that. Wampum became legal tender in all 13 colonies. White wampum was made from various shells, the violet was from the purple portion of the quahog clam. The exchange rate was six white or three black wampum beads for a penny. Their value came from the scarcity of the shell and the patient labor needed to grind it with a flint into a cylindrical shape and drilled for stringing. 

After 1600, the European fur trade distorted the original purposes and value of wampum. Strung together and measured in fathoms, it became a medium of exchange in trade between white and native, which greatly increased its value.